Welcome to our beautiful grounds

From formal landscaping to ancient woodlands, there is plenty to explore. For those who like circular walks Pencarrow provides both short and long routes, some with wheelchair access. The gardens here are beautiful whatever the season, our Snowdrop Sundays in February are very popular but the true floral season begins in March with a dazzling display of camellias and rhododendrons (more than 400 varieties). Bluebells and wild garlic carpet the woods in May-June and the Memorial Garden provides a stunning summer display. Into the autumn you can enjoy the hydrangeas and ancient trees on the turn, making these gardens ever changing and always engaging.

Particular points of interest include our Iron Age hill fort, the sunken Italian Garden with a quatrefoil fountain, the ice house, palm house and ancient Cornish cross. We also have a grotto at Pencarrow which is believed to have been a secret meeting place.

The gardens were designed and laid out between 1831-55 by the radical statesman and later Secretary of State for the Colonies, Sir William Molesworth with his head gardener, Thomas Corbett. Much of their collection came from botanical explorers such as Douglas, Lobb, and Wallich. The trees are very varied; at one stage Pencarrow’s woodland has a specimen of every conifer, except ten, considered hardy enough for the British climate.

To the left of the Italian Gardens Pencarrow can boast having the first Victorian rock garden in England. Its great granite stones, now interplanted with shrubs and trees, were carted to Pencarrow by Bodmin Moor farmers grateful for Sir William’s staunch support in Parliament.

Pencarrow has a special relationship with the towering Araucaria araucana, the first large specimen of which was bought by Sir William Molesworth for 20 guineas and planted in solemn state before a house party. Noted barrister Charles Austin remarked upon touching its prickly leaves, “It would be a puzzle for a monkey”. His oft-repeated witticism gave the tree its common name of Monkey Puzzle.

Peacock illustration

Monkey-Puzzle Tree
Pencarrow